ETH is the native currency of the Ethereum chain used for gas fees and security.
ETH is a large-cap asset that represents the protocol`s native governance or utility token.
ETH has an uncapped supply but has inflation control or burn mechanisms in place.
ETH is highly correlated to the overall market.
ETH has no dependencies.
Ether can be thought of as the "fuel" or gas fee that powers the Ethereum network. Ethereum refers to the actual blockchain technology or smart contract platform that underpins Ether. Whenever you send ETH or use an Ethereum application, you must pay a fee in ETH to use the network. This fee acts as an incentive for a block producer to process and verify your transaction.
Ether serves two main purposes: one as a gas fee to transact on the Ethereum network and second as a speculative store of value. Currently, Ethereum users pay the transaction fees in ETH and ETH holders bear the cost of inflation from miner block rewards. In the absence of speculation, ETH holders are betting that demand for ETH from users of decentralized applications (dApps) outpaces the rate of inflation via block rewards. The second purpose comes from its monetary premium as a non-sovereign store of value. With the transition to ETH 2.0 and recent changes to its monetary policy (EIP-1559), ETH is expected to better compete with BTC as a monetary asset given its scarcity, durability and censorship-resistant qualities.
Ether is used within the Ethereum ecosystem to perform a range of functions, including its native use as a gas fee to transact on the network, use as collateral for DeFi lending applications (to be lent or borrowed), use as medium of exchange for alternative crypto assets and non-fungible tokens (NFTs), acceptance in select retailers and service providers, and lastly, earned as reward for completing bounties. Additionally, in ETH 2.0, users will also be able to lock their ETH by becoming a validator to help secure the network in exchange for block rewards and transaction fees.