Trader Joe V2

Market Making

Trader Joe V2 improves upon the original automated market maker (AMM) with Liquidity Book, a novel concentrated liquidity design.

Risk Rating
Protocol Code Quality
Protocol Maturity
Protocol Design
What we like
Trader Joe V2 introduces a new decentralized exchange based on Liquidity Books, which features a novel concentrated liquidity AMM design, to improve capital efficiency and LP fees.
What we like less
The protocol's new upgrade (v2.1) is less battle tested and the team is anonymous.
What it means for you
The Liquidity Book design of Joe V2 enables greater flexibility and customizations for LPs to suit their differing strategies.

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  • Website
  • Token: JOE
  • Tags: Market Making
Key Metrics
  • TVL: $6.1M (Rank #174)
  • TVL Ranking by Market Making: #36
  • Blockchain: Avalanche
  • Chain TVL
    • Avalanche: $6.13M
Risk Assessment
Protocol Code Quality
  • Code reviewed by several experienced auditors; ABDK audited in October 2022
  • Anonymous team reduces transparency
  • No documented protocol hacks since launch
Protocol Maturity
  • Latest protocol version launched in 2023; maturity over one year minimizes technical risk as smart contracts are well battle-tested
  • Bottom 80% by total value locked increases risk
  • Multisig wallet controls protocol upgrades
  • Multisig consists of less than 4 signers, which makes the protocol more susceptible to centralization risks
  • No timelock exists or no information documented, which mean a malicious actor could approve upgrades without any delay
  • Low voting power concentration reduces risk
Protocol Design
  • No death spiral concerns
  • This protocol is susceptible to risks related to decentralized exchanges (DEXs), such as impermanent loss
Things to know about Trader Joe V2

How Trader Joe V2 works

Trader Joe V1 was an AMM built on the Uniswap V2 model. Joe V1 utilized the constant product formula (xy=k) to price assets in its liquidity pools. Under this AMM design, users provide liquidity for any price of the token, meaning the liquidity is distributed uniformly between 0 and infinity on the price curve. The latest iteration of Trader Joe V2 follows behind the footsteps of Uniswap V3 with the introduction of its own concentrated liquidity design. Under concentrated liquidity AMMs, users provide liquidity into smaller, custom price ranges. This enables greater fee generation with far less capital but has the added risk of greater impermanent loss. In Joe V2, the Liquidity Book (LB) introduces new features including Liquidity Bins, a new token standard, and variable swap fees that adjust based on the underlying asset volatility. With liquidity bins, liquidity is divided into individual price bins and uses the constant sum model (x+y=k). Bins with only y tokens are priced below the current market price while bins with only x tokens are priced above the current market price. As such, the current market price of the asset always corresponds to the lowest bin with both x and y tokens provided. Price impact only occurs if the price moves from on bin to another during a trade. For example, the token price would update if the swap is large enough to completely deplete the liquidity from one bin. Liquidity providers (LPs) can deposit any amount of funds into any amount of bins. In return, LPs receive LB tokens which represent their LB positions and are fungible tokens that can be deployed across third-party DeFi protocols.

How Trader Joe V2 makes money

Joe V2 charges variable swap fees that are split between base and variable fees. The base fee is specific to each pool. Variable fees are theoretically capped at a max of 10%. This dynamic fee is intended to mitigate the risk of impermanent loss during periods of significant price volatility. A share of all the fees is collected by the protocol and distributed to JOE holders and is expressed as a variable percentage of the total swap fee (max capped at 25%).

How you make money on Trader Joe V2

As a liquidity provider (LP) on TraderJoe V2, you earn fees on every trade within a pool; this fee adjust dynamically based on current market volatility and the frequency of swaps. JOE holders can also earn a portion of protocol fees by staking on the platform in exchange for sJOE.*

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