FRAX is the first fractional-algorithmic stablecoin that is partially collateralized by USDC stablecoins and FXS governance tokens.
FRAX is a mid-cap undercollateralized asset. FRAX is potentially exposed to death spiral risk as its price depends on another asset; however, there are mechanisms in place to prevent reflexivity. This asset is exposed to the underlying risks of Frax, a protocol rated as Moderately Risky. FRAX increases its collateralization reserves when investors push the price below $1. This mechanism has proven resilient in the past at low scale but is not a guarantee of future success. FRAX uses a PID Controller to update the collateral ratio based on the change in the growth ratio, which measures FXS liquidity against overall FRAX supply. This metric allows the protocol to know if it has the necessary FXS liquidity to handle FRAX redemptions/FXS sells without leading to negative feedback loops. The asset has an uncapped supply but has inflation control or burn mechanisms in place.
FRAX is a stablecoin that usually trades within 20bps of its peg to USD, which makes it a solid store of value.
FRAX is a stablecoin that usually trades within 20bps of its peg to USD, which makes it a solid store of value. FRAX uses a PID Controller to update the collateral ratio based on the change in the growth ratio, which measures FXS liquidity against overall FRAX supply. This metric allows the protocol to know if it has the necessary FXS liquidity to handle FRAX redemptions/FXS sells without leading to negative feedback loops.
FRAX is a fractional stablecoin created by the Frax protocol that aims to be the first stablecoin issuer implementing design principles of both a collateralized system and a fully algorithmic system (with no backing). Its value is pegged to the USD and kept stable through an economic system of aligned financial incentives. The Frax protocol consists of a two token system with the FRAX stablecoin and the FXS governance token. FRAX is minted when users deposit the relevant amount of its constituent parts into the system. At genesis, FRAX was 100% collateralized, meaning users could only mint FRAX by depositing an equivalent amount of USDC. In the current fractional phase, FRAX has become undercollateralized as users became more comfortable with a higher percentage of FRAX supply being stabilized algorithmically through burning the inverse collateral ratio of FXS tokens.
FRAX is a price-stable asset that is mostly used as a hedge against volatility as it maintains a stable value of around 1 USD. Users need an alternative store of value and medium of exchange to navigate the highly volatile crypto markets. FRAX addresses this problem for crypto native users, as well as enables a wide range of financial activities including hedging during periods of high market volatility, market making against a stable asset, use as collateral for leveraging, and payment as a medium of exchange.
FRAX maintains its peg to USD through fractional USDC backing and by dynamically adjusting its collateralization ratio based on market demand to keep the FRAX price at 1 USD. When FRAX is above 1 USD (during periods of expansion), the protocol will reduce the collateral ratio by one step of 0.25% per hour. And when FRAX is below 1 USD (during periods of retraction), the protocol will increase the collateral ratio by one step per hour to restore market confidence in FRAX's peg.